According to the Children's Rights Convention of the UN every child has a right to education. This also applies to Unaccompanied Minor Foreigners.

Primary school
Unaccompanied Minor Foreigners up to the age of 12 go to primary school. At various places in the Netherlands there are special primary schools for Unaccompanied Minor Foreigners. They are not in the same class with Dutch pupils, because they do not speak Dutch. Also, they do not have the same knowledge as their Dutch peers. They have to learn Dutch first.
When young Unaccompanied Minor Foreigners have learnt sufficient Dutch, they will go to an ordinary primary school.
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Secondary education

Most Unaccompanied Minor Foreigners of 12 and older do not speak Dutch. Besides, what they have learnt in their native country is usually different than what pupils learn in the Netherlands. That is why they learn the language as quickly as possible and they are given crash courses in an International Transitional Class. There they will get familiar with the Dutch school and also with the way of life in the Netherlands.

Pupils get conversation lessons, reading lessons, writing lessons, listening skills lessons and grammar lessons. Besides Dutch they also learn arithmetic, drawing and other creative subjects, computer science, professional and study information and sports. Therefore they are not only learning Dutch. They also get social orientation, or, in other words, knowledge of Dutch society.

Most Unaccompanied Minor Foreigners between 15 and 17 years who have been taken to a campus for Unaccompanied Minor Foreigners, are preparing to return to their native country and do not get education that prepares them to participate in Dutch society. Instead of that they learn things that are convenient when they are going back to their native country. That means that they do not get too many Dutch lessons, a lot of English lessons and a lot of practical subjects, that are useful to them in their own country (cooking, carpentry, computer classes).

Unaccompanied Minor Foreigners who come to the Netherlands when they are 16 or 17, are prepared for their return, because they cannot stay in the Netherlands for a long time. This ‘return orientated education’ is not popular, because the young asylum seekers do want to have a lot of Dutch lessons. They want to stay in the Netherlands, they do not want to return.

Question
7) Give various reasons why a lot of Unaccompanied Minor Foreigners of 15-17 skip classes at school much more frequently, relatively speaking, than other Unaccompanied Minor Foreigners (and also keep in mind what you have learnt in step 2).
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