In countries such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Nigeria, residents have to deal with severe air pollution. Emissions from industries, car exhausts and power generators (a device that produces electricity) cause air pollution.
In Nigeria, for example, residents have no fixed, affordable supply of electricity. To obtain electricity, most homes and businesses have a power generator that runs on petrol or diesel. When using a power generator, exhaust fumes are released which are harmful to health and nature. Besides smoking, high blood pressure and poor diet, air pollution is a major box cause that particularly affects people in developing countries.
Lufasi Park is located near the capital Lagos. Desmond Majekodunm, the park's owner, designed the park in an attempt to do something about the dirty air in his city. Desmond has been asking the Nigerian government for help for years, but they do not take measures to combat the air pollution.
© Dotun55 - Lufasi Park (left)
© Pexels - The combustion of wood in a wood-burning stove (right)
Skopje, the capital of northern Macedonia, is one of the most polluted cities in Europe. According to experts, 32% of the air pollution in Skopje is due to domestic heating. 92% of the houses lack proper insulation. Wood-burning stoves are used to heat their homes, most of which do not work efficiently and are very polluting.
Besides being polluting, stoves also release harmful substances when burning wood residues, plastic waste and sometimes even rubber. The reason that people choose this way of heating has largely to do with the costs. Heating a poorly insulated house with wood-burning stoves and waste that can be found on the street is cheap. But lack of knowledge also contributes to this. People are not familiar with alternative, less polluting heating possibilities.
As in Skopje, people in Lagos also burn their waste, but not as fuel for their stoves. In Lagos, people throw their rubbish on the streets and burn it because there are not enough recycling companies and it is too expensive to collect waste.
Waste management is often poor in developing countries. And people are unaware of the impact that waste has on their health and the environment. Asbestos and plastic in waste contain small carcinogenic particles, increasing the risk of lung cancer, stroke, heart disease and diabetes for local residents. In addition, decaying organic waste such as food waste produces methane gas, which is flammable. In hot countries, where the sun shines on the waste, it can spontaneously combust.
5) What alternative ways of producing electricity do you know? 6) How does a park like Lufasi Park contribute to reducing air pollution?
7) Name another consequence of decaying organic waste for not collecting.