The important effect of tourism is revenue. Tourists spend a lot of money. Not just for the journey and the accommodation, but also for food, drinks, entrance tickets, guides, transport, excursions, going out and souvenirs. In some countries, tourism has become essential for the entire economy of the country. Examples include Spain, Greece, Turkey, Cyprus and Egypt.
The country with the most tourists is France, with 83 million visitors annually. This means that 10% of its GDP, all the money earned in a country, comes from tourism.
In Egypt, despite the decline in recent years, tourism still accounts for 6.7% of GDP, comparable to a country like Cuba (6.2%).
Carlos, at least, is happy with his job in the tourism sector. As a taxi driver, he works exclusively for the tourists who visit Cuba. Thanks to the many tips he receives, he earns more than his brother as a doctor.
Diana, a jewellery seller, owns one of the many souvenir shops near the port of Bonaire, where many tourists from cruise ships come to browse. "Thanks to the cruise passengers, I can have my house refurbished," she says.
|Souvenir shop in Volendam|
Greater understanding of other cultures
Many Americans have never been outside their own country. For them, the American way of life is the only one they know. When they go on holiday to an overseas country, they encounter customs that are different for the first time. Different, not always better or worse.
A simple example is how people in different cultures deal with the concept of time. Americans, according to Wellstone International High School, are always in a hurry. They constantly look at their watches to know the exact time. They are very punctual, always arrive exactly on time and expect others to be on time too.
It is an eye-opener for them that you can also be more relaxed with time, or as an African saying goes: 'In the West they have watches, but we have time'.
4) What positive effect have we not yet mentioned? If you have been paying attention in the previous steps, you already know the answer.
5) Not only hotels, restaurants, amusement parks and other businesses profit from tourism, but so does every municipality. Explain how this works.
6) Explain in your own words what we mean by: 'International tourism is linked to economic and cultural globalisation'.